ECR survey results Q3 2020: Economic concerns persist but easing of global risk paints a brighter picture

Euromoney Country Risk’s scoring approach shows an easing of global risk since June, even though the economic fallout from the Covid-19 crisis continues to weigh on many individual country profiles.

Euromoney’s latest quarterly crowd-sourcing risk survey shows an improvement to the global risk score average in Q3 2020.

No fewer than 94 of the 174 countries have become safer to varying degrees since end-June, with 67 becoming riskier and the remainder unchanged.

Switzerland’s safe-haven status is reinforced, China’s improvement continues and other emerging markets (EMs) are bouncing back, including Indonesia, Russia and several in Africa that are less exposed to the negative oil shock, such as Egypt, Morocco, Botswana, Côte d’Ivoire and Kenya.

Those countries displaying the largest moves in either direction are predominantly smaller EM or frontier markets, reflecting their domestic political conditions, structural peculiarities, access to finance, and their experience managing the coronavirus pandemic and its economic impact.

Scores for high-risk Mauritania, Guyana, Liberia, Guatemala, Rwanda and Sierra Leone have all improved substantially, along with more moderate risks Bermuda, Papua New Guinea, Tajikistan, Paraguay and Mauritius.

However, scores have worsened for high-risk Bahamas, Gabon, Somalia and Yemen.

Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Hong Kong, Lebanon, the Philippines, Qatar, Slovakia and Tunisia are all showing downward trends this year. Argentina has crashed 45 places in Euromoney’s global risk rankings, and Lebanon 38 places, with Brazil, Mexico, Turkey and the Philippines also falling substantially.

The US (22nd), Canada (23rd) and the UK (31st) are struggling, as the US elections and Brexit create additional risks to those posed by the pandemic.

To date, 91 of the 174 countries surveyed have seen a rise in economic risk in Q3, with the GNP-outlook indicator downgraded in 139 countries, the employment/unemployment indicator in 127 and government finances in 106.

Offsetting this, several political risk indicators have improved, including government stability in 124 countries, the regulatory and policymaking environment in 123 and corruption in 109.

Euromoney’s unique crowd-sourcing risk survey provides a responsive guide to changing perceptions of participating analysts working in the financial and non-financial sectors, focusing on a range of key economic, political and structural factors affecting investor returns.

It is conducted quarterly among more than 300 economists, political risk analysts and other experts, with the results compiled and aggregated along with a measure of capital access and sovereign debt statistics, to provide total risk scores and rankings.

This, along with other commentaries that follow in October, incorporating the opinions of the contributing experts, will explore the more interesting changes and the reasons why.

Shock tactics across industrialized world

Several of the lower-risk, advanced industrialized nations that were sent reeling by the coronavirus shock have stabilized after the reopening of economies from lockdown, with analysts upgrading Belgium, France, Italy, Spain and Sweden in Q3, in recognition that – possibly – the worst of the shock has passed.

Switzerland, too, has had its score raised and it retains the top rating in the survey as the safest country worldwide, ahead of Denmark, Norway, Singapore – despite it slipping – and Sweden completing the top five.

Independent risk expert Norbert Gaillard, of NG Consulting, attributes this stabilization to the recovery and resilience facility (RRF) passed by the EU in July totalling €672.5 billion, comprising both grants and loans.

“This is a milestone for the EU because it involves the pooling of public debts,” he says. “The RRF has positive credit implications for all European countries, especially those most affected by the Covid-19 pandemic such as Italy and Spain.”

Gaillard notes the fact Spain (39th in the rankings) and Italy (56th) have averted a political crisis to date. However, he also alludes to how the crisis has caused enormous economic pain.

This is underlined by further downgrades to their respective economic-GNP outlook indicators, and in the data showing huge falls in GDP in the first half of the year and worsening debt metrics, which will be of concern to investors.

The deterioration in debt metrics is the most notable concern for France, in 25th place.

Gaillard says: “France has been unable to post a fiscal surplus for more than 40 years, though a positive point is that I don’t anticipate any significant political risk until the next presidential election in April-May 2022.”

Constantin Gurdgiev, a professor at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies, says the improved credit outlook is due to better predictions for the GDP and unemployment outlook than at the height of the crisis, and to the shift in euro area monetary policy and fiscal stimuli, which is notably benefiting France and Italy.

“The ECB’s latest guidance on continuing ultra-low interest rates and potentially extending rollovers of its bond purchases beyond 2021 effectively signalled to the markets that French and Italian deficits will be underwritten into the foreseeable future, no matter what happens in terms of both countries’ creditworthiness,” he adds.

Nonetheless, Gurdgiev sounds a note of caution to analysts pricing in tangible upsides to extremely pessimistic forecasts for both economies.

“This implies [they] are currently at risk of severe revisions later this year, should the ongoing second wave of the pandemic gain stronger momentum,” he says.

Scores for Finland, Germany and the Netherlands have fallen in Q3, and a big drop has occurred for Slovakia, reflecting the economy and instability risk of the governing coalition after elections earlier in the year.

Experts are still losing confidence in Bulgaria, Cyprus, Lithuania, Poland and Turkey, with the latter falling six places in the global rankings, and 24 overall this year to 98th.

The US score is still sliding ahead of the presidential decider on November 3, not least because of the concern for a possible dispute over the outcome, which could heighten political and social tensions.

The markets may be more hopeful of a Trump victory, but NG Consulting’s Gaillard provides a contrary view, arguing that a Biden administration could be more positive for the economy than some investors expect.

“The tax and other fiscal measures in favour of the popular and middle classes, and the huge clean energy and infrastructure plan would result in higher GDP growth,” he says.

“In contrast, the re-election of Donald Trump would increase political risk and lead to more protectionism and isolationism.”

Meanwhile, Turkey’s appeal has been consistently fading over the years due to an unpredictable monetary policy, government interference, its trade imbalance, volatile foreign relations and weak economy failing to provide a convincing argument to support the lira.

The maritime dispute with Cyprus and Greece is hardly helping, according to Global Strategy Project director Marco Vicenzino, who says it should be viewed within the context of broader EU-Turkey relations and president Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s strategic and geopolitical ambitions in the eastern Mediterranean, Middle East and beyond.

“The bottom line is that Erdogan’s aggressive agenda is destabilizing the entire region at a very critical time when the Covid-19 pandemic is already wreaking enormous economic havoc globally and particularly in Europe’s southern flank,” he says.

It also provides a convenient distraction from Turkey’s domestic economic problems while the EU’s constant reluctance to act and confront his agenda will only “embolden him further to pursue his dangerous game of brinksmanship and further destabilize the region economically and politically”, says Vicenzino.

The regulatory and policymaking environment is one of several risk indicators downgraded.

China rises, but doubts surface in Asia

China’s risks have softened since the coronavirus shock earlier in the year led to draconian restrictions on personal movement and economic activity to limit its spread.

“The Chinese government has provided tax relief and specific assistance to enterprises, especially small and micro companies,” says Xianming Wu, a professor at Wuhan University.

“The fight against poverty in affected areas has also entered a decisive stage of the battle and the state has invested heavily in finance, while the opening up of the service industry to foreign companies has boosted confidence in China’s economy.”

Daniel Wagner, CEO of Country Risk Solutions (CRS), believes that Beijing has been much more effective at creating and implementing a domestic economic stimulus plan than Washington.

“This, in combination with its effective combating of Covid-19, has enabled the Chinese economy to increase its productivity in Q2 and Q3 2020,” he says.

“That said, we must take Beijing’s reporting of economic performance with a grain of salt. Its tendency to inflate levels of economic performance in the past imply that its current economic performance may not be as rosy as pictured.

“We should also presume that the depths of its economic malaise in Q1 was under-reported, which may make its current level of performance appear all the more remarkable.”

Several of the region’s EMs and frontier markets have seen their scores improve in the latest survey, including South Korea, although there are also reasons to remain cautious, according to Hyun Hak Kim, associate professor at the department of economics of Kookmin University.

He thinks one reason for the improvement is due to the fatigue of social distancing, which means households have consumed more than before, but the pandemic situation, which had been improving, began to get worse again in August, and consumer confidence, which improved in August, has since fallen in September.

“The South Korean government is trying some stimulus packages, but the public has a lot of doubts about this, as I have,” says Kim.

South Korea’s GNP-outlook and monetary policy/currency stability indicators are downgraded in this latest survey.

Also given the rise in political tensions with North Korea, Kim believes it is necessary to gauge the Q4 risk score to obtain a firm conclusion that South Korea is improving.

Other countries becoming safer in Q3 are Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Mongolia and Thailand, but the Philippines is a notable exception, falling 10 places in the global rankings, and 21 overall this year to 81st.

Wagner at CRS expects a 7% to 8% contraction in the Philippines’ GDP this year due to the strict lockdown implemented to address Covid-19.

“The country is officially in recession,” he says. “Domestic demand has been severely impacted and it should persist for the rest of the year.

“Record high unemployment and a severe drop in remittances by overseas migrant workers will also continue to weigh heavily on the Philippine economy.”

Singapore (fourth in the rankings) and Hong Kong (sliding below improving Macau to 18th) have seen their risk scores marked down.

Singapore is less concerning, says Friedrich Wu, a professor at Nanyang Technological University. The crisis has stopped construction activity and it should rebound strongly once Covid-19 is under control, but the situation in Hong Kong is more serious.

“Last year’s political unrest and this year’s Covid-19 have hurt and are still hurting the three pillars of the economy – trade, tourism and foreign capital –and Beijing’s national security law in June is a double-edged sword. It has managed to clear the streets from violent protesters. Yet it has also shaken the confidence of foreign investors,” says Wu.

“Mainland Chinese travellers will avoid Hong Kong because of its anti-China attitude. As for trade, even if global trade recovers, Hong Kong port’s status has declined inexorably over the years.”

He adds: “In 2000, it was the world’s number-one busiest container port. By last year, it had fallen to number seven, overtaken by Shanghai (first place), Ningbo-Zhoushan (third), Shenzhen (fourth) and Guangzhou (fifth).

“In financial services, Hong Kong mainly survives by serving as an IPO centre for mainland Chinese companies to raise funds. According to the last rankings by the London-based Global Financial Centres Index (September 2020), Hong Kong has fallen to world’s number five, overtaken by Shanghai (third), and some international asset managers are moving their funds and operations from Hong Kong to Singapore.”

Rise in LatAm default risks

With the coronavirus causing huge social and economic problems across the continent, Brazil Chile and Mexico have been downgraded in the survey along with Bolivia, Honduras and Nicaragua.

The economic performance of Brazil and Mexico “matters regionally and globally”, says Alessandro Rebucci, associate professor at Johns Hopkins Carey Business School.

“Both countries gradually turned away from sound economic management after the global financial crisis and are currently under-performing and vulnerable.”

Rebucci notes the correlation of their quarterly GDP figures has increased since the elections of Jair Bolsonaro and Andrés Manuel López Obrador, their respective populist presidents. He says both countries are vulnerable to the persistent and worsening Covid-19, pandemic given their weak healthcare systems and high levels of poverty, crime and corruption.

Both countries are bordering on political instability and the fiscal outlook is worsening.

“It is plausible to expect both countries to possibly default on their government debt after the next elections scheduled for 2022,” he warns.

Despite a recent debt restructuring, Argentina, ranking a lowly 142nd in the survey, has also failed to improve, with authorities struggling to contain Covid-19, economic activity depressed and the country still in desperate need of external financing.

Argentina comes off the worst from the crisis, says Guerson Salgado, professor of economics and finance at the Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería, and it might lead to it becoming even more dependent on loans.

“When the debt was renegotiated, it was known Argentina was not going to be able to comply with its payments in the medium term and therefore would have to renegotiate it again in the future,” he says.

“Covid-19 is a perfect excuse to reapply to renegotiate the debt and even request a larger loan from the IMF, because the economy has been hit harder than predicted by the current health crisis.”

In stark contrast, Paraguay’s risks have greatly eased during the past couple of quarters, causing the country to leap 12 places in the global rankings since June and 38 in total this year, and become safer than Brazil and Mexico, which are still sliding.

“Paraguay is simply doing what it takes to keep on a sustained developing path and has outperformed its neighbours, despite frequent financial and cross-border trade negative shocks,” says Germán Plessen, an adviser to the Bahía Blanca Stock Exchange.

He puts this success down to the independence of the central bank, fiscal discipline and the consolidation of a highly qualified bureaucracy running national government.

The country runs a current-account surplus more often than not, and is committed to both a fiscal-responsibility law limiting the fiscal deficit to 1.5% of GDP and an orthodox inflation-targeting monetary policy regime.

It has also adopted a successful Covid-19 containment strategy, which locals found to be excessively restricting initially, but is working.

Pessimism sweeps MENA

Analysts have become more cautious over prospects for countries across the Middle East and North Africa, including Israel after another national lockdown, in Jordan where elections are scheduled for November, in Tunisia, and Lebanon in the wake of the devastating explosion in Beirut exacerbating the country’s political and economic problems.

There are lower scores for war-torn Syria and Yemen, and for many of the hydrocarbon producers facing budgeting difficulties, including Algeria, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman and Qatar.

Fadi Haddadin, an economist at the Foreign Policy Association, notes how Covid-19 enhances the possibility of complicating the Yemeni crisis. He also mentions how it is posing challenges to the private sector in the region, exacerbating unemployment (in Jordan and Tunisia), raising budget deficits and national debt (Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman and Tunisia), exposing the banking sector (Qatar) and challenging local currencies (Israel and Yemen).

“Such countries showed severe weakness when attempting to mitigate these effects, while the governments of Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and the UAE have resorted to better measures providing financial benefits and incentives to affected businesses and economic sectors,” he says.

Haddadin goes on to explore the role of crisis-management models in the region, noting positively that Morocco, which has seen its risk score improve this year, has successfully managed its economic/healthcare crisis through “professional political management, enabling the state to preserve its vital interests, while avoiding domestic and regional confrontation”.

Risk and opportunity in SSA

South Africa’s risk has stabilized at a lower level after falling sharply in recent years, weighed down by concerns for the financial viability of the state-owned electricity provider Eskom, a rising debt burden and sky-high unemployment.

Several commodity exporters, such as Angola, are struggling. It faces notable challenges from the fact the economy it is hugely dependent on oil and diamond production.

Due to the sharp drop in oil prices, Angola is in recession and FX reserves are declining.

Regional country risk expert Soumendra Dash believes the structural reform programme will have limited impact on economic activity.

“The challenges arising from the Covid-19 shock, high unemployment rate and fall in oil prices outweigh the positive effects of various pro-growth policies adopted by the government,” he says.

“The development of the private sector, speeding up privatization of roughly 200 state-owned enterprises and the reduction of the country’s monolithic dependence on oil exports are key to steering the economy in the right direction.”

High-risk Gabon is another example of an economy struggling with the coronavirus and depressed oil prices, despite diversification and expansion of agri-business and other non-oil sectors.

Dash mentions not only the various restrictions and measures introduced to address the pandemic as deterring economic development in Gabon but also the lack of supply of skilled manpower.

More encouragingly for potential investors, Kenya has shown substantial improvement in the survey, climbing 11 places to 79th, reflecting its well-diversified economy.

“The favourable weather [supporting a large agricultural sector], stable foreign direct investments and rising banking sector credit to the private sector are helping the economy to overcome the challenges thrown up by Covid-19,” says Dash.

Ghana, now 74th in the rankings, is another country holding up because of rising production and stable global prices of its key exports: cocoa, gold and timber.

Dash remarks upon the country’s prudent public expenditure management and the deficit limit enshrined in the new Fiscal Responsibility Act as encouraging for investors and multilateral creditors.

Ahead of the general election in December, there is still confidence in Ghana, despite the economic hit and the risk of increased pre-election government spending.

For more information, go to for the latest on country risk


Aframax mine blast off Yemen puts shipping on alert

Shipping has been put on alert to be highly vigilant when transiting the Gulf of Aden with news of an aframax tanker suffering sizeable damage after it struck a sea mine in Yemeni waters.

Significant pollution has been spotted in satellite images in the wake of the Syra, a 10-year-old Maltese-flagged ship, hitting a mine just before midnight on October 3.

The ship was taking on crude at the Bir Ali crude single buoy mooring system, located in central Yemeni waters when the explosion happened.

A number of suspicious floating objects were reported to have drifted towards the tanker it it was loading its cargo. One or two of these objects – assessed as likely to have been floating IEDs or sea mines – later exploded in proximity to the tanker.

“The war risk rating for Bir Ali and Ash Shihr – Yemen’s only operational export terminals – has been raised to elevated. This is due to the credible risk that the actor behind the attack on the Syra attempts to disrupt any future exports from Yemen using the same tactic,” Longworth said.

The ship, owned Thanassis Martinos-led Eastern Mediterranean Maritime (Eastmed), changed its insurance cover just 18 days go, switching to the Standard Club. Officials at Eastmed declined to comment on the damages sustained to the ship when contacted by Splash today.

Splash understands the tanker suffered damage to its forward ballast tanks, but has been able to move on its own power and is due to arrive in Fujairah in the United Arab Emirates later today where its cargo will be transferred and then the ship will head for repairs.

The oil spill in Yemen is not the only crude officials in the war-torn country are having to contend with.


ReCAAP: Robbery Incidents Have Doubled in 2020 at Manila

Incidents at anchorages/ports in the Philippines Advisory
1. Following the increase of the number of incidents of sea robbery reported at Manila and Batangas anchorages/ports during Jan-Sep 2020, the shipping industry is advised to adopt the following measures when anchor/berth in the area:

• Enhance vigilance and maintain strict anti-robbery watch
• Keep the ship’s surroundings well lit, keep flood lights on
• Keep sharp look-out for small boats approaching close to the ship and do not allow any boats to come near ship as much as possible
• Keep the ship’s forward store room double and heavily locked.
• Keep breathing apparatus, brass articles (such as fire nozzles) or paint drums, in safe and secured stores
• Sound alarm when sighted suspicious boats loitering in the vicinity of the ship, or suspicious persons on board the ship
• Report immediately all incidents and suspicious activities in the vicinity via Channel 16 to alert all ships in the vicinity, the VTMS and nearest Coast Guard Station.

Ship masters are advised to immediately report all incidents to the local authorities. The contact numbers for ships bound for Manila and Batangas ports/anchorages are as follows:

Manila ports/anchorages

Coastal Guard District National Capital Region – Central Luzon: Contact numbers: +63 917 821 8124
+632-8-527-3882 (landline)
Email address:

Coast Guard Station Manila
Contact number: +63 917 842 7614
Email address:

Batangas ports/anchorages

Coast Guard Station Batangas
Phone numbers: +63 917-842-6649
+63 998-585-5846
Email address:

Ships can also report directly to the PCG Command Centre

PCG Command Centre
Contact numbers: +632-8-527-8481(ext:6136/37) (landline);
+632-998-585-5327 /+632-917-842-8249 (mobile)
+632-8-527-3877 (fax)
Email Address:


Piracy, other high seas crimes rise in Asia

Despite the coronavirus pandemic, piracy and other crimes have surged in Asian waters in the first seven months of the year, many committed by a Philippines-based Islamist group linked to Islamic State, according to a report released on Wednesday.

Especially hard hit have been the Sulu Sea and coastal areas of the southern Philippines, said the report by Babel Street, an open source data analysis company based in Virginia.

The author, McDaniel Wicker, a former U.S. Air Force intelligence officer and a company vice president, said rising crime in that area carried significant security implications. The Sulu Sea, he said, is a key shipping route and controlling crime there would require shifting regional security forces from other areas where they also are needed.

“There’s also a very serious global Islamic terror threat tied up in this,” Wicker continued, referring to the Abu Sayyaf Group, which is based in the southern Philippines and has links to Islamic State.

There have been at least 50 incidents of piracy, armed robbery and kidnapping for profit in Asian waters during the first seven months of 2020, the vast majority of them in the Sulu Sea and the Strait of Malacca, the world’s busiest shipping lane, Wicker said.

Those were double the numbers of such incidents recorded for the same period last year and represent the highest level since 2016, according to the report, citing data from a regional anti-piracy coalition.

The Abu Sayyaf Group was responsible for many attacks this year, it said.

The rise in the group’s maritime activities has paralleled stepped up attacks in the southern Philippines. An Aug. 24 suicide bombing killed 14 people, including security force personnel, it said.


Two Russian Seafarers Taken Hostage Off Nigeria

The Russian embassy in Nigeria is confirming the abduction of two seafarers in the latest pirate attack in the Gulf of Guinea. This incident comes a little more than a month after the Russian embassy was successful in liberating seven other sailors that were also abducted in the same area.

The latest incident took place aboard a Liberian-flagged refer ship the Water Phoenix, which is managed by the Dutch shipping company Seatrade. The the vessel was approximately 31 nautical miles south southwest of the Nigerian port of Lagos on September 8 moving at a speed of 14 knots towards the port. The AIS track shows that the ship took evasive maneuvers as it was being approached and before it was boarded by an unknown number of people. The Water Phoenix was later stopped and drifting but then escorted into Lagos.

Local media reports suggest that 16 of the 18 crew members aboard were able to take shelter in a safe space but that the captain and one sailor remained on the bridge. Both were Russians and were reportedly taken hostage by the boarders.

The Russian embassy says that it is working with local law enforcement authorities in Nigeria to locate and gain the release of the two seafarers.

In July, seven Russians working aboard the Curacao Trader were also taken hostage in the same area. In that case, the embassy was able to gain their release on August 24, approximately five weeks after they were taken. These sailors departed Nigeria the day before this latest incident happened.

Dryad reports that this was the 13 incident to take place in the region around Lagos in the last year. Most of the incidents however resulted in thefts. The boarding of the Water Phoenix was the third to happen south of Lagos this year alone. The number of incidents and seafarers taken hostage has increased slightly in 2020.

The broader Nigeria region in the Gulf of Guinea is currently considered to be the most dangerous region for maritime crime and piracy with the number of incidents in the area exceeding other parts of the globe. A total of 95 seafarers have been kidnapped during 18 incidents off the coast of West Africa in 2020. Overall, there have been 42 incidents in Nigeria territorial waters in the past year.


Continued Security Vigilance Recommended For Vessels Transiting Arabian Gulf (Ag), Straits Of Hormuz (Soh), Gulf Of Oman (Goo), Red Sea, Gulf Of Aden (Goa) And Indian Ocean

Increasing threats to, and intimidation of, commercial vessels have been reported in recent weeks. Members with vessels, particularly tank vessels, transiting these regions are encouraged to remain thoroughly vigilant.

Vessels transiting the Arabian Gulf (AG), Straits of Hormuz (SoH) and Gulf of Oman (GOO) are encouraged to observe the Industry Reporting Guidance 19-07-21 released as a joint advisory from BIMCO, the International Chamber of Shipping, INTERTANKO and the Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF). Your Managers strongly recommend that this guidance is posted on a vessel’s bridge for ease of access to watch officers, and that it be discussed during watch turnovers.

US commercial vessels operating in this area should review US Maritime Advisory 2020-011 for amplifying information and points of contact. For more information about US maritime alerts and advisories please visit

Additionally, the International Maritime Security Construct (IMSC) has been established to maintain freedom of navigation, international law, and free flow of commerce to support stability and security of the maritime commons in the Persian/Arabian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Gulf of Oman, and the Bab el Mandeb. For further security guidance, please review the IMSC Bridge Reference Cards from June 2020.


‘Maximum alert’: warning of new piracy threat from armed Nigerian group

Military sources say gunmen planning new attack off Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea

Shipowners have been warned to be “on maximum alert” after a warning of a new piracy threat from Nigeria.

The piracy reporting body Maritime Domain Awareness for Trade – Gulf of Guinea (MDAT-GoG) said it had received information from military sources that an armed group from Rivers State is planning an attack against vessels in Zone D, particularly off Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.

“It is likely the attack will occur at low tide, when the monitoring units are missing,” MDAT-GoG added.

The reporting body asked shipping companies and local authorities “to be on maximum alert, to increase vigilance and surveillance and intensify intelligence both on the water and in the port.”

Suspicious boats must be searched

MDAT-GoG also said that all suspicious boats coming from or leaving Nigeria should be systematically identified and searched.

Security consultancy said that this year the concentration of incidents in Zone D had remained focused within the northern waters in the vicinity of Douala and Limbe in Cameroon, and Malabo and Luba in Equatorial Guinea.

“It is assessed as highly likely that any incident forthcoming would continue to follow this trend and occur within this region,” the company added.

“Incident reporting within Zone D has mirrored that of the wider West Africa with partial increases in reports of serious maritime crime and piracy occurring across the region.”

And attacks have been taking place more and more beyond the traditional heartland of Nigerian waters.

“This trend looks set to continue with few effective domestic naval resources able to be deployed beyond the immediate port and anchorage areas,”

Crew released

Last week, 13 seafarers kidnapped in July off a tanker in the Gulf of Guinea were released.

Shipmanagement sources told TradeWinds that the seven Russians and six Ukrainians on board the 11,300-dwt Curacao Trader (built 2007) are safe and sound.

They were awaiting repatriation, which has been made difficult by travel restrictions related to Covid-19.

The crew spent about six weeks in captivity, which is within the usual length that seafarers are held for ransom in the area, according to the International Maritime Bureau (IMB), which tracks piracy.

West Africa accounted for 67 out a total 77 hostage situations and kidnappings recorded worldwide in the first six months of 2020, according to IMB data.


Incidents of Violence in the Philippines as ReCAAP Expresses Concern

ReCAAP, the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia, is expressing concern over a trend of recent violence, specifically the latest situations of piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia. The organization hosted an annual workshop for its members and separately issued a report about recent occurrences of violence against crew members aboard ships at the Batangas anchorage south of Manila in the northern Philippines. 

On August 26, the organization hosted an annual workshop for maritime regulatory and law enforcement authorities. They discussed the recent incidents and ways to further improve the accuracy and timeliness of incident reporting to provide the maritime community with useful information and analysis.

“We have seen an increase of piracy and sea robbery incidents in Asia during January to July this year with 58 incidents. This is an increase of more than 50 percent compared to the same period of last year (37 incidents)” said Masafumi Kuroki, Executive Director of ReCAAP ISC.

ReCAAP also reported two specific incidents of armed robbery against ships within a week in the Philippines while alerting crews and the local authorities to the dangers.

The first incident was aboard the product tanker Pacific Sapphire while berthed at Bauan. Reportedly the perpetrator boarded the tanker by climbing the mooring lines and then entered the general steward’s cabin. Pointing a knife at the steward, the perpetrator took person belongings and left the vessel also via the mooring lines.

Days later, a perpetrator was also discovered aboard the bulker Vienna Wood while the vessel was in the anchorage. This time the crew member who discovered the intruder tried to stop the individual and was accidentally cut with a knife on the palm of his hand. An alarm was raised and the perpetrator left over the side of the ship while the injured crew member was taken to a local hospital for treatment.

ReCAAP advised masters and crew to “exercise vigilance, maintain constant look-out for suspicious boats in the vicinity and report all incidents immediately to the authorities.” The local authorities were also urged to enhance surveillance, increase patrols and respond promptly to incidents.

Established in 2006, ReCAAP is the first regional government-to-government agreement to promote and enhance cooperation against piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia. A total 20 countries, including 14 Asian countries, four European countries, Australia, and the U.S. participate in the organization.


Europe must resist Erdogan in Eastern Mediterranean

The escalating maritime dispute between Turkey and Greece involving the delimitation of their continental shelves can no longer be viewed as a bilateral issue. It must be interpreted within the broader context of Turkey-European Union relations, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s strategic and geopolitical ambitions in the Eastern Mediterranean and beyond, and the violation of the territorial integrity and sovereignty of a NATO ally and European Union member-state.

The bottom line is that Erdogan’s aggressive agenda is destabilizing the entire region at a very critical juncture when the Covid-19 pandemic is already wreaking enormous economic havoc globally – and particularly in Europe’s southern flank.

In recent years, Russia’s takeover of Crimea and Chinese expansion into the South China Sea serve as leading examples of major powers disrupting the established international order and emboldening others with territorial claims to take action – including Erdogan in the Eastern Mediterranean.


Boarded Alert near IRTC

On 20 Aug 2020 that a Tanker, anchored 2 to 5nm off the coast of Somalia in position 1154N 05103E, had suffered mechanical issues and had been boarded by persons unknown. This was widely reported in Open Source media. Subsequent investigation by Combined Maritime Forces and EUNAVFOR units on scene have established that this was a case of armed robbery, which has since been resolved. The crew is safe and the vessel will proceed to its next port of call. The incident is assessed as closed.

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